Juneau, Alaska (KINY) Sealaska Heritage Institute will host a professional ethnographic object conservator to perform a critical-condition assessment, do general cleaning and recommend conservation treatments for an old Tlingit box drum repatriated in 2011 to the T’a̱kdeintaan Clan of Hoonah.
Through the project, funded through a grant from Museums Alaska, SHI in partnership with the clan also will hire a professional photographer to make infrared scans of the large drum, which are expected to reveal the original formline design.
“The original formline is very faded with age but the technology exists to reveal the original design,” said SHI President Rosita Worl. “This technology will allow Native artists to study the formline designs made by their ancestors.”
SHI will host art conservator Nicole Peters of Peters Art Conservation Services, LLC., of Skagway from Oct. 16-18 at the Walter Soboleff Building in Juneau. Peters’ work will include basic cleaning, removal of surface dust and loose particulate matter, assessment of any structural issues, repairs (if needed), and other tasks. Photographer Brian Wallace will make infrared scans at a later date. Reporters and photographers are welcome to cover the process.
The project will ensure the long-term preservation of the box drum by reducing the rate of deterioration to a tolerable level. Information gleaned from the condition assessment, conservation treatments, and infrared photography will support research, educational, and exhibit efforts by SHI and its tribal constituents. “Native and non-Native researchers and members of the public living in communities across Southeast Alaska and the world also will be allowed to study the drum,” Worl said. “One of our goals is to perpetuate scholarship of Alaska Native cultures and our collections help us to that end.”
The box drum has a storied history. The design on the drum was copied as a sketch by the German geographer and author Aurel Krause during his visit to Hoonah in the late 1800s. Krause later published the sketch in his book Die Tlinkit-Indianer: Ergebnisse Einer Reise Nach Der Nordwestküste Von Amerika Und Der Beringstrasse, which translates as The Tlingit Indians: Results of a trip to the Northwest Coast of America and the Bering Strait.
In 1924, the drum was collected by Louis Shotridge for the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The T’a̱kdeintaan Mt. Fairweather House—in partnership with the Hoonah Indian Association, Huna Totem Corporation, Huna Heritage Foundation, Sealaska and SHI—in the late 1990s launched a vigorous campaign to repatriate the drum and nearly 50 other items housed at the museum. The parties argued before the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) Review Committee in 2010 that the 1924 transaction was illegal because the T’akdeintaan Clan never agreed to alienate the objects. The committee sided with the Native groups, and in 2011, the museum returned eight of the pieces, including the box drum. The museum returned three additional items to the clan this week in a ceremony at SHI and will return the remaining 35 in the near future.
The drum currently is on long-term loan to SHI, which, if it can be stabilized, will place the object in its permanent exhibit, Enter the World of the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian Peoples, in the Nathan Jackson Gallery in the Walter Soboleff Building in Juneau. It will also be made available to the T’akdeintaan Clan members, scholars, artists and other researchers. Sealaska Heritage Institute is a private nonprofit founded in 1980 to promote cultural diversity and cross-cultural understanding through public services and events. SHI also conducts social scientific and public policy research and advocacy that promotes Alaska Native arts, cultures, history and education statewide. The institute is governed by a Board of Trustees and guided by a Council of Traditional Scholars and a Native Artists Committee. Its mission is to perpetuate and enhance Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian cultures of Southeast Alaska.